2015年02月06日

Conditional(仮定法)を使ってみよう!!

あなたはWriting、Speakingのなかで、Conditional(仮定法)を意識して使っていますか?IELTSの評価基準の中で、Grammatical Range and Accuracy という項目があります。仮定法を思いのまま使うには、複雑な文法と練習を必要とするため避けられがちですが、逆にスコアを飛躍的にあげる要素の一つにもなります。少しおさらいしてみましょう♪

Possible FUTURE (present tense + will,can,etc...) 1st conditional

If it rains I’ll get wet, I don’t have an umbrella.
You can start a career with good prospects, if you study English very hard!

Impossible / Unlikely Future 2nd conditional (Past tense + would,might,could,etc...)

If I had a million dollars I would buy a big house.
If I were able to speak English as well as native speakers, I might live in the UK.

こんな書きかえもできます!!

Were I to have a million dollars, I would....

Were I able to speak English as well as native speakers, I might....


Impossible Past (Past Past Perfect + would have, might have, could have, etc...) 3rd Conditional

If I had not come to university today, I could have gone to Tokyo Disney Land.

If I had not come to school today, I would be in Tokyo Disney Land.(Mixed Conditional)

こちらも書きかえすると・・・

Had I not come to university, I would have gone to....

Had I gone to Tokyo Disney Land, I would be happy.

Had I not drunk so much sake last night, I wouldn't be such a terrible hangover.

この他にも、I wish I were....., とか If only I were......,なんかも覚えておくと役立ちます!!

最後に練習用の例文を載せておきますね♪

If I were very rich....

Were I to live in a different city....

Were I to be able to change something about my country....

If I went on holiday soon....

Had I been born in a different country, I'd like....

If I had been born the opposite sex....

Were I able to change something about my appearance....

Were I able to change something about my character....
posted by リュウ at 03:29| Comment(0) | IELTS戦略 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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